Exit, foreword (2018)

Published in:
Jasna Koteska, “Boro Rudić, Exit”, Boro Rudić, Exit (photography monograph), Propoint, Skopje, 2018, p. 2-5.

ISBN 978-608-66095-0-4


Jasna Koteska

[...] Rudic’s territory is linked to vectors of departure, which is why this book is called Exit. Still, this does not mean leaving the territory. Leaving it just means entry into a new territory. This is the reason why his photographs are full of signs, emissions of signals, railway tracks, paths, steps, streets, entrances, fences, all being there as signals intended for seekers. The objective of these signals is to be aux aguets, lookouts for the observant eye, the camera never looks in panic in the hands of Rudic. He catches the folds of the landscape, the line of the rock in order to discover the new syntax of the space. The photographs from Exit are not there as portraits of culture, but aim to capture a specific spectral dimension of reality, akin to the yellow sky or field in Van Gogh or the grass in Munch. This does not mean that Rudic is stepping over into another form of art, that of painting. He remains within the realm of photography, but at the same time he is always with one foot in the world of painting.


The Body as a Philological Map (2018) in Macedonian

Published in:
Jasna Koteska, “The Body as a Philological Map: The Clinical Cases of Sigmund Freud as a Literary Genre”, in: Critical Methods and Interpretations, edited by Katica Kjulafkova, Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Vol. 1, Skopje, 2018, pp. 67-95.

ISBN: 978-608-203-230-6

The Body as a Philological Map: 
The Clinical Cases of Sigmund Freud as a Literary Genre

Jasna Koteska

The study offers a reading of five clinical cases from the Ur-book of psychoanalysis Studies on Hysteria by Sigmund Freud and Josef Breuer from 1895. By applying semantic analysis in the clinical cases of Anna O., Emmy von N., Cäcilie M., and Elisabeth von R., Sigmund Freud for the first time in humanities tried to prove the existence of the so-called linguistic unconscious. He unveiled that the hysteria could be interpreted with philological means. This operation altered and transformed the clinical studies (which, up until his work, were recognized as mere medical documents) into complex literary hybrids of psychological and belletristic studies. 

In the clinical cases, the patient is transformed into a main character; the studies contain most of the elements of the literary texts: composition, fabula (the chronological order of events), sujet (the order events are told in), the plot, the outcome, the motivation, the secret, the narrative dynamic, the dialogical form, the literalization of events, the change of focalisation (the perspectives through which a narrative is presented). By applying the hermeneutical approaches, Freud claimed that the symptoms are specific semantic hieroglyphics, that the subject’s unconscious “speaks”, and that the hysteric is using his or her body to express a certain contradictory idea. By interpreting the symptoms as an “older language of humanity”, Freud opened the possibility of using the psychoanalysis as a hermeneutical method in the literary science.

Freud's Session.
Photo by Marko Markoski (2013)


2017 Goce Delčev Award for Outstanding Contribution in the Field of Science

Goce Delchev Science Award, 4 May, 2017
The "Goce Delčev" awards for outstanding contribution in the field of science in the interest of the Republic of Macedonia were presented in the Macedonian Academy of Science and Arts on Thursday, 4th of May 2017 in Skopje, the Republic of Macedonia.

This year’s state award for scientific achievements were presented to three recipients, among them to professor Jasna Koteska, for her book Kierkegaard on Consumerism (The Aesthetic, the Ethical, and the Religious Reading. The book was published in September 2016 by the Kierkegaard Circle, Trinity College, University of Toronto, and the Central European Research Institute Soeren Kierkegaard, Ljubljana.

Д-р Јасна Котеска за делото „Киркегард за консумеризмот (етичко естетско и религиозно читање)“, Д-р Ванчо Спиров за „Форензичка ДНК-анализа на забите“, Д-р Трајче Стафилов и Д-р Роберт Шајн за „Геохемиски атлас на Република Македонија“ се добитниците на државната награда „Гоце Делчев“ за оствраувања во областа на науката во 2016 година. 

Links to the media announcements:

2017 Goce Delcev Award for Science


Kierkegaard on Consumerism. Review by Eric Ziolkowski (2017)

“Kierkegaard on Consumerism by Jasna Koteska”, review by Eric Ziolkowski, Helen H. P. Manson Professor of Bible and Co-Chair of the Medieval, Renaissance, and Early Modern Studies Program, Lafayette College, Easton, Pennsylvania.

Published in Toronto Journal of Theology, 33(1), 2017, pp. 149–150 here as "Kierkegaard on Consumerism by Jasna Koteska." 

Part of the review available on Project Muse

Jasna Koteska. Kierkegaard on Consumerism. Toronto and Ljubljana: Kierkegaard Circle and kud, Apokalipsa, 2016. Pp. 130. Paper, $15.00. 
isbn 978-1-988129-02-0.

A professor of literature, theoretical psychoanalysis, and gender studies at the University of Sts. Cyril and Methodius in Skopje, Jasna Koteska is a prolific Macedonian philosopher and writer with a special interest in nineteenth-century literature and philosophy. This latest of her monographs is an inaugural volume in the new series, Collection Aut, published by Apokalipsa (Ljubljana) and Kierkegaard Circle (Toronto). 

In her Introduction, Koteska asserts that this volume is meant to fill the gap resulting from the scarcity of books on Kierkegaard and economics, particularly his views regarding consumerism. She does not mention Eliseo Pérez-Álvarez's A Vexing Gadfly. However, aside from the [End Page 149] fact that Pérez-Álvarez's work is almost twice the length of Koteska's, the two books differ significantly in their approach. 

Arguing that Kierkegaard not only attended to economic matters, but did so in a way that can shed light on our current socioeconomic and political situation, Pérez-Álvarez limits his study to the ''second authorship'' of Kierkegaard, namely, his published writings from after Concluding Unscientific Postscript (1846) to his death (1855), and also his unpublished writings (most notably the journals and papers) from the same period. In contrast, Koteska concentrates mainly upon Repetition, though she also makes lesser use of a number of other writings from all periods of Kierkegaard's authorship: Either/Or (1843), Fear and Trembling (1843), Concluding Unscientific Postscript, Works of Love (1847), Christian Discourses (1848), as well as some of the late, signed polemics against ''Christendom'' (1854–1855).

Koteska's engaging book divides into three essays (''parts''), focusing respectively on the three existential stages whose psychological, emotional, and other dynamics and contours Kierkegaard's entire oeuvre charts: the aesthetic, the ethical, and the religious. Drawing upon thinkers such as Hegel, Marx, Freud (above all), Agamben, and Žižek, as well as certain contemporary pop-culture figures (e.g., Marilyn Manson, on the power of television and religion [49]), Koteska approaches Kierkegaard as a witness to the dawn of modernity, who strongly ''oppose[d] the modern view that humans crave only agitation and desiring'' and contended with the question, ''How to resolve the paradox of accepting the world as changeable, yet avoiding the wrong choices which may amount to [the] piling up of the desire-based consumption, and vice versa, how to avoid the traps of automatization without freezing the world flux?'' (17). 


Balkans at the Crossroads: Between Democratisation and Authoritarian Tendencies (2015)

Panel: Balkans at the Crossroads: Between Democratisation and Authoritarian Tendencies (28 May, 2015)

Balkans at the Crossroads: Between Democratisation and Authoritarian Tendencies, RRPP. 

Please, consider the following two appearances in the video at 00:11:31 and at 01:33:01.

Moderator: Andreas Ernst, Neue Zürcher Zeitung


Florian Bieber, Professor of Southeast European Studies, Director of the Centre for Southeast European Studies at the University of Graz, Austria

Danijela Majstorovic, Associate Professor of Linguistics and Cultural Studies at the University of Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Jasna Koteska, Professor of Literature, Gender Studies and Theoretical Psychoanalysis at the University Ss. Cyril and Methodius, Skopje, Macedonia

Dimitar Bechev, Adjunct, London School of Economics, European Institute

Marko Kmezic, Senior researcher at the Centre for Southeast European Studies at the University of Graz, Austria


Interview - Problem moderneg človeka in več strah, temveč anksioznost (2016) in Slovenian

Interview – Jasna Koteska, Univerza Cirila in Metoda, Skopje

Robi Šabec, Primorski dnevnik, št. 221 (21.761), leto LXXXII, Trst, 20 septembra, 2016, p. 13.

Problem modernega človeka in več strah, temveč anksioznost

Vznemirljiva stvar, ki jo je Kierkegaard odkril že v 19. stoljetju je, da je modernega človeka prenehalo biti strah. In zato je prenehal biti tudi pogumen. Kierkegaard je namreč opazil, da je strah v upadu in da na njegovo mesto stopa anksioznost. To sta dve povsem različni občutenji. Pri strahu vem, česa se bojjim, lahko celo pokažem s prstom na neki objekt in rečem: “Evo, tega se bojim.” To je prvi pogoj, da postanem pogumen. V anksioznosti pa sam ne vem, zaradi česa se počutim slabo, anksioznost nima svojega objekta. 


Kierkegaard on Farce (2017)

Vermilion Journal of Literature and Arts, Sydney, Australia, is biannual, open-access, peer reviewed academic journal dedicated to publishing scientific research in the areas of literature and arts.

ISSN 2545-4277
Published in the 2nd issue (2017)
Free download pdf here 


Dual Nature of the Social Order

In 1840s Kierkegaard developed the idea that humans cannot even be sure if they believe at all. Ultimately they only believe that they believe.

Kierkegaard noticed the strange power of performativity in religious practices. Something strange happens when religion materializes, as it regularly sort of appears as a form of theater, or performance, or Posse (“I perform that I believe, therefore I believe”). Such performativity seems to be imbedded in social reality as well. Kierkegaard noticed that the social order, that maintains social harmony, is based on the dual nature of the laws: there is one publicly articulated law, but behind it, as a shadow, there is always the opposite obscene “law”. For example, a person spits on the street when no one is looking, runs a red traffic light, etc., in other words, a person would violate the law here and there, not as an act of resistance to the community, but paradoxically, in the name of the desire for imaginary identification with the “communal spirit.” Notice how no one believes that a family man is sexually satisfied; he must find a lover to convince the community that he has finally started enjoying himself. 


A conversation with Jasna Koteska on surveillance in Macedonia. Privacy International, London (2016)

A conversation with Jasna Koteska on state relations and surveillance in Macedonia.

This is a guest post by Jasna Koteska. Read Privacy International’s full report documenting stories of mass surveillance in Macedonia here.

What are the main similarities and differences between modern surveillance methods in Macedonia and those of the socialist period?

In all 46 years of communist Macedonia, the total official number of personal communist surveillance files is 14,572. Unofficial sources report more than 50,000 files. The number of direct ‘snitches’ in communist Macedonia was estimated between 12,000 and 40,000. In the present mass surveillance scandal, between 20,000 and 26,000 people were secretly wiretapped in the period of just several years since 2007.

Yugoslavia was a soft regime, but it was nonetheless built around subtle permanent political censorship. Prohibition was performed via the mechanisms of threat, and not as direct conflict. The bureaucratic apparatus in Yugoslavia was far more chaotic and far less thought through than is commonly believed. Much/all depended on the local small-town interpretations of the ideology. The ideological-police nomenclature of Yugoslavia functioned in such a way that people were object and a target of the State, you had to know how to represent your socialist ideology, and the entire small town mentality was used to evaluate the ones who seemed suspicious.


Kierkegaard on Consumerism (2016)

Author: Jasna Koteska
Title: Kierkegaard on Consumerism (The Aesthetic, the Ethical, and the Religious Reading)
Publishers: Kierkegaard Circle, Trinity College, University of Toronto
Toronto, Canada MSS THB
Central European Research Institute Soeren Kierkegaard, Ljubljana
KUD Apokalipsa

Date of Publication: September 2016
Language: English.

Copyright © Kierkegaard Circle, Central European Research Institute Soeren Kierkegaard Ljubljana, KUD Apokalipsa 2016
© Jasna Koteska  

6 Hoskin Avenue, Toronto, Ontario, CANADA

Central European Research Institute Soeren Kierkegaard Ljubljana
Ul. Lili Novy 25, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia

Number of pages: 130
20 x 12,5 cm, 142 g

ISBN: 978-1-988129-02-0

Where to buy it?
Go to this link

If you are in Canada, you can borrow the book at the Library of Trinity College, University of Toronto. Go to this linkThe book is indexed as B4378. E8 2016

Kierkegaard on Consumerism (The Aesthetic, the Ethical, and the Religious Reading) by the Macedonian author, Jasna Koteska, consists of three essays about consumerism in the works of the Danish philosopher Søren Kierkegaard (1813–1855), most notably in his book Repetition (1843). Each of the essays deals with the three stages of life according to Kierkegaard: the aesthetic, the ethical and the religious. There are few books about Kierkegaard and economics, and even fewer on Kierkegaard’s views about consumerism. This book is intended to fulfill that gap. Kierkegaard witnessed the beginnings of modernity and although he did not write about the capitalist issues, his greatest contribution to economics,besides his contributions to human psyche and religion, was his elaboration on the importance of individual choices and decisions, as he strongly disagreed with the modern view that humans crave only agitation and desiring.

Kierkegaard on Consumerism

Acknowledgements 7
Introduction 9

First Part: The Aesthetic 13
Second Part: The Ethical 29
Third Part: The Religious 83

Abstract 115
About the Author 117
Literature 120
Index 127


Jasna Koteska Bibliography 2011-2016

August 2015
(c) Goran Petrov

Jasna Koteska Bibliography 2011-2016
Јасна Котеска библиографија 2011-2016

For her selected 2005-2009 bibliography see here, and for 2007-2011 here.

BOOKS (2011-2016)

1. 2016. Koteska, Jasna. Kierkegaard on Consumerism (The Aesthetic, the Ethical, and the Religious Reading), Publisher: Kierkegaard Circle, University of Toronto and Central European Research Institute Soren Kierkegaard, Toronto-Ljubljana, September 2016. Language: English. ISBN 978-1-988129-02-0
2. 2015. Representation of Gender Minority Groups in Media: Serbia, Montenegro and Macedonia. Editors: Tatjana Rosic-Ilic, Jasna Koteska and Janko Ljumovic, Biblioteka Collectanea, Publisher: Center for Media and Communications, Faculty of Media and Communications, Belgrade, December 2015, pp. 333. Language: English. ISBN: 978-86-87107-54-0
3. 2014. Koteska, Jasna. Communist Intimacy. New Academia Publishing: Washington DC, 10 March 2014, 323 pp. Language: English. ISBN 978-0-989916976 
4. 2013. Котеска, Јасна. Фројдовска читанка. Рана психоанализа 1893-1899. Култура, Скопје, 1 ноември 2013, pp. 862 Language: Macedonian ISBN: 978-9989-32-713-1 
5. 2012. Котеска, Ясна. Санитарна енигма, превод Станимир Панайотов, КХ-критика и хуманизам, София, 2012, 320 pp. Language: Bulgarian. ISBN: 978-954-587-160-3 

Communist Intimacy (2014) made it on to the European Society of Authors' Finnegans's List of 30 books for 2015.
Kierkegaard on Consumerism (2016) received the "Goce Delcev" award for outstanding contribution in the field of science in the interest of the Republic of Macedonia in 2017. 

Jasna Koteska
photo by Goran Petrov (c)
Malaysia, January 2017

ARTICLES (2011-2016)

1. "Gestovi i tela (Status gesta kod Kafke, Kjerkegora i Kundere", Sarajevske sveske, urednik Tatjana Rosic-Ilic, Mediacentar Sarajevo, No. 49-50, May 2016, pp. 79-92.
2. Critical Art in Contemporary Macedonia, edited by Jon Blackwood, Grays School of Art, Scotland; Carnegie Trust for the Universities in Scotland, and Mala Galerija, Skopje, 2016, pp. 307-317.
3. “Freud On the First World War”, book First World War, edited by Snezhana Dimitrova, Department of History, South West University “Neofil Rilski”, Blagoevgrad, Bulgaria, in print, first half of 2017.
4. „Телото како филолошка мапа (клиничките студии на Фројд како книжевен жанр)“ во: Интерпретативни стратегии, МАНУ, уред. акад. Катица Ќулафкова и проф. Наташа Аврамовска, Скопје, - во печат, во 2017.
5. „Историја и контекст на постмодерната во македонската литература“, во Зборник од XLVIII летна школа на Меѓународниот семинар за македонски јазик, литература и култура, Охрид, во печат, 2017.
6. „Книжевноста како наставен предмет (методички аспекти)“, Литературен збор, Скопје, бр. 1-3, 2016, 145-157.
7. „Концепот на малото кај Кафка - психоаналитички читања“, во Интерпретативни стратегии, Научно-истражувачки проект Примена на херменевтичките методи во толкувањето на книжевните дела, уред. акад. Катица Ќулафкова и проф. Наташа Аврамовска, во печат, крај на 2016. 
8. „Статусот на гестот кај Кафка, Кундера и кај Киркегард“, Литературен збор, Скопје, бр. 4-6, 2016, 93-107.
9. „Фројд и семантиката на телото“, во Наше писмо, Скопје, бр. 81, 2016, стр. 63-70.

1. „O unheimlich efektu zajednice (dramatika Žanine Mircevske), in: Žene, drame i izvedba, Između post-socijalizma i post-feminizma (uredila Lada Čale Felman), edicija Teorija savremene umetnosti, Beograd: Orion Art, 2015, 167-192.
2. „The Ideology of Consumerism in Kierkegaard's Repetition" in: Soren Kierkegaard, How to Avoid the Totalitarianism of Consumerism, ed. Dr. Primoz Repar, KUD Apokolipsa and Central European Research Institute Soren Kierkegaard, Ljubljana, 2015, 49-87.
3. „Оценувањето и методиката на наставата по книжевност“, во: Литературен збор, Скопје,  год. LXXII, бр. 1-3, 2015, 191-209. 
4. "Pride Week, Silence and Violence" in Representation of Gender Minority Groups in Media: Serbia, Montenegro and Macedonia, edited by Tatjana Rosic-Ilic, Jasna Koteska and Janko Ljumovic, FMK, Faculty of Media and Communication, Belgrade, 2015, 45-63. (in English)
5. "Nagovor", in: Kierkegaard, Totalitarizem potrosnistva, ed. Dr. Primoz Repar, KUD Apokolipsa and Central European Research Institute Soren Kierkegaard, Ljubljana, 2015, 31-40.
6. „Траумата некогаш и сега: од Шарко до Холивуд“, во Спектар, меѓународно списание за литературна наука, уредник Наташа Аврамовска, Скопје, 2015, бр. 65, XXIII, 149-167.
7. "Ideologija izbire in potrosnistva v Kierkegaardovi Ponovitvi",in: Kierkegaard, Totalitarizem potrosnistva, ed. Dr. Primoz Repar, KUD Apokolipsa and Central European Research Institute Soren Kierkegaard, Ljubljana, 2015, 101- 64-101.
8. „Општествен инженеринг“, во: Ана Јовковска Пулсот и времето“, Силсонс, Скопје 2015, 187-201.
9. „За екранските сеќавања на Фројд“, во Наше писмо, Скопје, бр. 79-80, год. XXI, 14-19.
10. "From Silence to Violence", во: Book of Abstracts, Rеpresentation of Gender Minority Groups in Media: Serbia, Montenegro, Macedonia, Publisher: FMK, Faculty of Media and Communication, Belgrade, 2015, p. 3.


Three Aspects of Courage in Kierkegaard (2017) in Slovenian

Published in:
Koteska Jasna, "Trije vidiki poguma pri Kierkegaardu: Strah, Tesnoba in izbira", in Kierkegaard, Pogum za dejanje, Mednarodna filozofska delavnica in četrta konferenca, Apokalipsa in CERI, Ljubljana, 2017, 92-98.

Translated from English into Slovenian by Primož Repar

Three Aspects of Courage in Kierkegaard: Fear, Anxiety, and Choice.

Jasna Koteska

[...] If courage is a choice to confront the fear, and the accompanying qualities of fear, such as intimidation, agony, pain, danger, and uncertainty, than courage does not simply imply fearlessness. Quite on contrary. Courage is not the absence of fear, but the very presence of fear. The fear remains within a person. But despite that fear, one still goes on and performs an action in the face of that fear, despite of that fear.

If the courage is an ability to do something that frightens a person, than the question is what had frightened Søren Kierkegaard the most? In Either/Or (1843), we find the following statement: “One fears for oneself, that one will lose what made one happy, blissful, and rich; one fears for what one loves, that it […] will perhaps appear less perfect, that it will possibly fail to answer the many questions, alas, and then all is lost, the magic is gone, and it can never again be evoked.” However, except the fear of losing oneself, happiness, love, knowledge, and magic, Kierkegaard witnessed something even more disturbing regarding the status of fear in modern times. He says that in modern times, fear is in the state of decline, and consequently, we are facing the decline of courage. 

Kierkegaard discusses in greater details what the feelings of “fear” and “compassion” meant in the old times, and what they mean in the modern timesIn the Ancient world, the “sorrow is more profound, the pain less”. In modern days, the pain is greater, but the sorrow is less important. And he gives an example of a small child: if the child sees an adult who suffers, the child will reflects the sorrow, although it does not have to reflect on the idea of pain. Yet, his/her pain is there. When the adult sees a child suffer, the pain is greater, but the sorrow is less profound, which according to Kierkegaard, produces the decline of courage.